## Language Arts

### Core Resources

*Teachers College Reading and Writing Project, Lucy Calkins**Units of Study for Teaching Reading, Lucy Calkins**Units of Study for Intermediate Writing, Lucy Calkins**Making Meaning by Collaborative Classroom**Guiding Readers and Writers, Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell**Spelling Connections**Grammar Workshop, Sadlier*

### Learning Goals For Reading

- Read and understand grade-level text proficiently
- Re-read to deepen understanding
- Understand plot development
- Write in response to reading
- Confer in book clubs
- Make book recommendations
- Identify main idea/salient points
- Summarize text
- Make predictions and inferences
- Make connections to text, self, and world
- Determine themes of texts including stories, plays and poems
- Find evidence in text to support interpretation
- Analyze point of view
- Compare and contrast characters
- Read grade-level text orally with fluency and expression
- Use context to figure out meanings of words
- Identify figurative language including similes, metaphors, idioms, personification

### Learning Goals For Writing

- Write routinely over extended time frames
- Use the writing process and name the components
- Publish a fictional story
- Write free verse
- Write for a variety of audiences
- Give and receive feedback from peers
- Compare and contrast stories, dramas, and poems
- Write opinion pieces on texts/topics
- Write narrative texts
- Write informative/explanatory texts
- Write descriptively
- Choose and use words that convey meaning appropriately
- Write using a variety of time frames
- Organize ideas clearly and logically
- Practice developing topic sentences
- Support with factual information and/or supporting details
- Produce effective concluding statements
- Produce multi-paragraph essays
- Show understanding of vocabulary words in writing
- Use conventions of grammar

### Learning Goals For Handwriting and Reading

- Actively engage in a variety of discussions including one-on-one, small groups, and teacher-led
- Effectively prepare for discussions
- Carry out assigned roles in discussions
- Generate questions based on the discussions
- Present information clearly and in a logically sequenced fashion

### Learning Goals For Handwriting and Reading

- Listen to and follow directions
- Be an attentive audience member
- Communicate thoughts and feelings audibly and clearly
- Generate questions and make personal connections
- Develop comfort level for speaking in a group
- Explain thinking
- Present work to peers

### Learning Goals For Grammar, Spelling, and Vocabulary Acquisition

- Expand, combine and reduce sentences for meaning and style
- Use complex and compound sentence structures
- Use verb tenses appropriately
- Explain the function and purpose of conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections
- Use correlative conjunctions
- Use commas appropriately
- Indicate titles appropriately
- Use context clues to determine the meaning of words
- Use common Greek and Latin affixes and roots
- Use relationships between words (synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand words.
- Consult reference materials appropriately
- Spell grade-appropriate words correctly

## Social Studies

#### CORE RESOURCE: *History Alive: America’s Past*

### Units

- Geography of the United States
- Native Americans and Their Land
- Native American Cultural Regions
- Why Europeans Left for the New World
- Routes of Exploration
- Early English Settlements
- Comparing the Colonies
- Life in Colonial Williamsburg
- Growing Tensions Between the Colonies and Britain
- Declaring Independence
- The Revolutionary War

### Learning Goals For Social Studies

- Understand multiple perspectives
- Recall, analyze and interpret information
- Summarize information
- Use text to support opinions
- Apply geography and mapping skills
- Evaluate sources
- Differentiate between primary and secondary sources

## Mathematics

#### CORE RESOURCE: *Everyday Mathematics*

*Everyday Mathematics*

### Learning Goals For Mathematics

#### Number and Numeration

- Read and write whole numbers and decimals
- Identify place value and the values of the digits in those places
- Use expanded notation to represent whole numbers and decimals
- Solve problems involving percent and discounts
- Identify the unit whole in situations involving fractions
- Identify prime and composite numbers
- Identify factor numbers and find prime factorizations
- Use numerical expressions involving one or more of the basic four operations
- Use exponents to give equivalent names for whole numbers
- Convert between base-10, exponential, and repeated-factor notations
- Use numerical expressions to find equivalent names for fractions, decimals, and percents
- Convert between fractions and mixed numbers
- Use multiplication and division to find equivalent fractions and fractions in simplest form
- Compare and order rational numbers
- Use area models
- Compare and order fractions

**OPERATIONS AND COMPUTATION**

- Use mental math, paper-pencil algorithms, and calculators to solve problems
- Demonstrate automaticity with multiplication facts
- Demonstrate proficiency with division facts
- Multiply both whole numbers and decimals
- Divide multi-digit whole numbers and decimals
- Express remainders as whole numbers or fractions
- Solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of fractions and mixed numbers
- Solve problems involving the multiplication of fractions and mixed numbers
- Use diagrams, and the common denominator methods to solve division problems
- Make reasonable estimates for whole numbers and decimals
- Use repeated addition, arrays, area and scaling to model multiplication and division
- Use ratios expressed as words, fractions, percents and with colons
- Solve problems involving ratios of parts of a set to the whole set

**DATA AND CHANCE**

- Collect and organize data to create bar, line, and circle graphs
- Use the maximum, minimum, range, median, mode and mean to ask and answer questions
- Describe events using basic probability terms
- Predict outcomes of experiments, test predictions and summarize results
- Express the probability of an event as a fraction, decimal, and percent

**MEASUREMENT AND REFERENCE FRAMES**

- Estimate length with and without tools
- Measure length with tools to the nearest 1/8 inch
- Estimate the measure of angles
- Use tools to draw angles with given measures
- Find the perimeter of polygons and the area of circles
- Use appropriate formulas to calculate the areas of rectangles, parallelograms, and triangles
- Define pi
- Describe relationships among U.S. customary units of length and capacity
- Use ordered pairs to name, locate, and plot points in all four quadrants of a coordinate grid

**GEOMETRY**

- Determine angle measures in vertical and supplementary angles
- Apply properties of sums of angle measures in triangles and quadrangles
- Describe, compare and classify plane and solid figures using appropriate geometric terms
- Identify congruent figures and describe their properties
- Identify, describe and sketch examples of reflections, translations, and rotations

**PATTERNS, FUNCTIONS, AND ALGEBRA**

- Extend, describe and create numeric patterns
- Describe rules for patterns and use them to solve problems
- Write rules for functions involving the four basic arithmetic operations
- Represent functions using words, symbols, tables and graphs
- Determine whether number sentences are true or false
- Use a letter variable to write open sentences

## Science

#### CORE RESOURCE:

*STEM Scopes**Engineering is Elementary: Engineering Adventures*

### Learning Goals For Science, Engineering, and Computer Science

**NATURE OF SCIENCE**

- Reviewing safety in the lab
- Reviewing the science process skills
- Solving problems using the scientific method
- Use data to construct reasonable explanations
- Evaluate hypothesis in light of data
- Identify dependent and independent variables
- Accurately use science tools
- Discover standard and non-standard units of measurement

**PHYSICAL SCIENCE **

- Identify boiling, freezing/melting points of water
- Explore density and the properties of matter
- Discover various types of energy
- Describe the invention process
- Identify important inventions and inventors in history
- Utilize the SCAMPER technique for inventive thinking
- Demonstrate that light travels in a straight line
- Differentiate between reflection, absorption, and refraction
- Discover the light spectrum
- Explore the uses of light energy

**EARTH SCIENCE**

- Compare/contrast landforms
- Explore erosion and decomposition
- Distinguish between chemical and physical weathering
- Discover constructive and destructive forces
- Discover alternative energy
- Compare/contrast rocks and minerals
- Classify rocks
- Investigate how rocks form

**LIFE SCIENCE**

- Identify healthy habits
- Environmental health
- Discover the human effect on the environment
- Classify organisms as producers, consumers or decomposers
- Identify common ecosystems
- Discover the need for animal adaptations
- Explore insect metamorphosis

**ENGINEERING/COMPUTER SCIENCE**

- Ask scientific questions
- Use and apply technology
- Practice steps of the Engineering ProcessIdentify challenge, brainstorm, design, build, test, evaluate, redesign, share solution
- Begin to understand the concept of trial and error