Kindergarten Curriculum

Language Arts

Core Resources

  • Teachers College Reading & Writing Project by Lucy Calkins
  • Units of Study for Teaching Reading by Lucy Calkins
  • Units of Study for Primary Writing by Lucy Calkins
  • Guided Reading and Phonics Study by Irene C. Fountas & Gay Su Pinnell
  • Making Meaning by Collaborative Classroom
  • Handwriting Without Tears

Learning Goals For Reading

  • Develop and strengthen listening comprehension
  • Develop and strengthen phonemic awareness
  • Recognize upper and lower case letters
  • Understand the letters and the sounds they make
  • Notice and name text features
  • Compare and contrast book topics
  • Discover the purpose and forms of poetry
  • Tell a story by observing the illustrations
  • Make predictions
  • Make connections
  • Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text
  • Recognize common types of text (stories, poems, non-fiction)
  • Retell stories
  • Build stamina while reading independently
  • Identify the beginning, middle and end of a story
  • Choose “just right” books
  • Understand that words have meaning
  • Discover concepts of prints (features of books, tracking)
  • Build a sight word vocabulary – read common high-frequency words by sight
  • Develop decoding skills
  • Infer character feelings and connect to characters
  • Build a self-extending system: monitor, self-correct, crosscheck
  • Use one or more cues to sound out words
  • Read emergent reader text with purpose and understanding

Learning Goals For Writing

FORMS OF WRITING: Narrative, Opinion, Informational and Poetry

  • Start to use writing process: brainstorm, draft, revise, edit, and publish
  • Understand that writing is a form of communication
  • Understand that writing is putting thoughts on paper with pictures or words
  • Write for multiple purposes
  • Use phonetic spelling to convey ideas
  • Draw pictures to convey meaning
  • Label pictures to tell a story
  • Write words to tell a story
  • Use inventive spelling
  • Begin to use punctuation
  • Participate in shared research and writing projects

Learning Goals For Handwriting and Keyboarding

  • Use correct pencil grip
  • Master writing all upper and lower case letters of the alphabet
  • Put letters together to form words
  • Use spaces between words
  • Write first and last name

Learning Goals For Speaking and Listening

  • Listen to and follow directions
  • Be an attentive audience member
  • Communicate thoughts and feelings audibly and clearly
  • Generate questions and make personal connections
  • Develop comfort level for speaking in a group
  • Explain thinking
  • Present work to peers

Social Studies

CORE RESOURCE: Social Studies Alive: Me and My World

Learning Goals For Social Studies

  • Follow school and classroom expectations
  • Share and work cooperatively with others
  • Take turns
  • Learn and identify the Grace School rules
  • Be kind. Be productive. Be unique. Be respectful.
  • Demonstrate familiarity with the school’s layout, environment, and the jobs people do there


CORE RESOURCE: Everyday Mathematics; AIMS: Solve It!

Learning Goals For Mathematics

Number and Numeration

  • Count on by 1s to 100
  • Count on by 2s, 5s, and 10s
  • Count back by 1s with number grids, number lines and calculators
  • Count 20 or more objects
  • Estimate the number of objects in a collection
  • Model numbers with manipulatives
  • Recognize that digits can be used and combined to read and write numbers
  • Read numbers up to 30
  • Compare and order whole numbers to 20
  • Use models, manipulatives, and drawings to solve problems

Operations and Computation

Identify join and take-away situations

Data and Chance

  • Collect and organize data to create class-constructed charts and graphs
  • Use graphs to answer simple questions
  • Describe events using certain, possible, and impossible

Measurement and Reference Frames

  • Use nonstandard tools to estimate and compare weight and length
  • Identify standard measuring tools
  • Identify pennies, nickels, dimes, quarters and dollar bills
  • Describe temperature using appropriate vocabulary
  • Identify a thermometer as a tool for measuring temperature
  • Describe and use time periods relative to day and week
  • Identify tools that measure time

Science and Engineering

CORE RESOURCE: Activities Integrating Math and Science; Engineering is Elementary; STEM Scopes

Learning Goals For Science

Nature of Science

  • Begin to use the scientific method
  • Discuss the importance of safe practices to keep self and others safe and healthy
  • Begin to use basic measurement tools
  • Collect data and communicate observations

Physical Science

  • Discover different forms of force, motion, and energy
  • Observe and record properties of objects
  • Observe, record and discuss how materials can be changed
  • Explore interactions between magnets and various materials
  • Observe and describe the ways that objects can move
  • Observe and describe the location of an object in relation to another

Earth Science

  • Discover the importance of conserving resources
  • Discover Earth’s materials
  • Observe, describe, compare and sort rocks
  • Observe and describe the properties of water
  • Discover the ways rocks, soil, and water are useful
  • Recognize patterns in the natural world
  • Discover seasons and day/night patterns
  • Observe, describe, and illustrate objects in the sky

Life Science

  • Identify living and non-living things
  • Discover how living things grow and change
  • Discover the basic needs of plants and animals
  • Identify plant parts and adaptations
  • Discover life cycles


  • Ask scientific questions
  • Use and apply technology
  • Practice steps of the Engineering Process
  • Identify challenge, brainstorm, design, build, test, evaluate, redesign, share solution
  • Begin to understand the concept of trial and error