Second Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

Core Resources

  • Teachers College Reading & Writing Project by Lucy Calkins
  • Units of Study for Primary Writing by Lucy Calkins
  • Guided Reading and Phonics Study by Irene C. Fountas & Gay Su Pinnell
  • Making Meaning by Collaborative Classroom
  • Handwriting Without Tears

Learning Goals For Reading

  • Develop and strengthen listening comprehension
  • Develop and strengthen phonemic awareness
  • Recognize upper and lower case letters
  • Understand the letters and the sounds they make
  • Notice and name text features
  • Compare and contrast book topics
  • Discover the purpose and forms of poetry
  • Tell a story by observing the illustrations
  • Make predictions
  • Make connections
  • Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text
  • Recognize common types of text (stories, poems, non-fiction)
  • Retell stories
  • Build stamina while reading independently
  • Identify the beginning, middle and end of a story
  • Choose “just right” books
  • Understand that words have meaning
  • Discover concepts of prints (features of books,  tracking)
  • Build a sight word vocabulary – read common high-frequency words by sight
  • Develop decoding skills
  • Infer character feelings and connect to characters
  • Build a self-extending system: monitor, self-correct, crosscheck
  • Use one or more cues to sound out words
  • Read emergent reader text with purpose and understanding

Learning Goals For Writing

  • Start to use writing process: brainstorm, draft, revise, edit, and publish
  • Understand that writing is a form of communication
  • Understand that writing is putting thoughts on paper with pictures or words
  • Write for multiple purposes
  • Use phonetic spelling to convey ideas
  • Draw pictures to convey meaning
  • Label pictures to tell a story
  • Write words to tell a story
  • Use inventive spelling
  • Begin to use punctuation
  • Participate in shared research and writing projects

Learning Goals For Handwriting and Keyboarding

  • Demonstrate correct formation of letters and numbers
  • Combine sentences to express ideas or opinions
  • Use formatting conventions that are extensions of handwriting skills
  • Learn and practice lower case cursive alphabet
  • Discover the proper posture needed for keyboarding
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the location of the keys on the keyboard
  • Use simple keyboarding commands
  • Identify “writing” and “working” keys on the keyboard

Learning Goals For Speaking and Listening

  • Participate in class discussions
  • Listen to and follow oral directions
  • Listen attentively to stories
  • Speak clearly
  • Explain thinking
  • Deliver oral presentations

Social Studies

CORE RESOURCE: Social Studies Alive: Me and My World


  • What Is a Community?
  • How Are Communities Different?
  • How Do We Use Maps?
  • What Is Geography?
  • How Do People Use Our Environment?
  • How Are Goods Made and Brought to Us?
  • Who Provides Services in a Community?
  • How Can I Be a Good Shopper?
  • How Do Communities Change?
  • How Can One Person Make a Difference in a Community?
  • How Do Leaders Help Their Communities?
  • What Does a Good Citizen Do?
  • What Do Communities Share?

Learning Goals For Social Studies

  • Recognize maps and globes as models
  • Use map tools (i.e., directions, compass rose, symbols, legend, scale)
  • Identify locations (i.e., relative and absolute)
  • Use different types of maps (i.e., projections, physical and political maps, special purpose)
  • Respect American heritage
  • Recognize rights and responsibilities of citizenship
  • Participate in groups
  • Respect points of view
  • Assume leader and follower roles
  • Interpret graphic information
  • Analyze photographs and other images
  • Practice critical thinking skills (i.e., classify, analyze, evaluate, make generalizations)
  • Analyze primary and secondary sources
  • Locate, evaluate, and analyze resources (print, electronic and oral)


CORE RESOURCE: Everyday Mathematics; Activities Integrating Math & Science

Learning Goals For Mathematics

  • Count on by 1s, 2s, 5s, 10s, 25s and 100s past 1,000
  • Count back by 1s from any number less than 1,000 with and without number grids
  • Read, write and model with manipulatives whole numbers up to 10,000
  • Read and write money amounts in dollars and cents notation
  • Use drawings and manipulatives to model fractions as equal parts of a region or collection
  • Describe the models and name the fractions
  • Recognize numbers as odd or even
  • Explore place value patterns on number grids
  • Use tally marks, arrays and numerical expressions to give equivalent names for numbers
  • Use manipulatives and drawings to model equivalent names for ½.
  • Compare and order whole numbers up to 10,000


  • Demonstrate automaticity with all addition and subtraction facts through 10+10
  • Use relation symbols
  • Solve and represent addition number stories
  • Review addition and subtraction facts and shortcuts
  • Discover the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction
  • Estimate costs
  • Solve 2-and 3- digit addition and subtraction problems
  • Make reasonable estimates for addition and subtraction problems
  • Identify and describe change, comparison, and parts and total situations
  • Use repeated addition, arrays and skip counting to model multiplication
  • Use equal sharing and equal grouping to model division


  • Collect and organize data or use given data to create tally charts, tables, bar graphs, and line plots
  • Use graphs to ask and answer simple questions and draw conclusions
  • Find the maximum, minimum, mode and median of a data set
  • Describe events using certain, likely, unlikely, impossible and other probability terms


  • Estimate length with and without tools
  • Measure length to the nearest centimeter and inch
  • Use standard and non-standard tools to measure and estimate weight
  • Count unit squares to find the area of rectangles
  • Describe the relationship between days in a week and hours in a day
  • Make exchanges between coins and bills
  • Read temperature on both the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales
  • Tell and show time to the nearest five minutes on an analog clock
  • Tell and write time in digital notation


  • Draw line segments and identify parallel line segments
  • Identify, describe, and model plane and solid figures
  • Create and complete 2D symmetric shapes of designs


  • Extend, describe and create numeric, visual and concrete patterns
  • Describe rules for patterns and use them to solve problems
  • Use words and symbols to describe and write rules for functions
  • Read, write and explain expressions and number sentences
  • Solve number sentences involving addition and subtraction
  • Write expressions and number sentences to model number stories
  • Describe the commutative and associative properties of addition

Science and Engineering

Core Resources

Engineering is Elementary; STEM Scopes

Learning Goals For Science

Nature of Science

  • Demonstrate safe practices during classroom and field investigations
  • Make wise choices in the use and conservation of resources; disposal and recycling
  • Ask questions about organisms, objects and events
  • Plan and conduct simple descriptive investigations
  • Compare results of investigations with what students and scientists know about the world
  • Gather information using simple equipment and tools to extend the senses
  • Construct reasonable explanations and draw conclusions using information and prior knowledge
  • Communicate explanations about investigations
  • Discuss and justify the merits of decisions
  • Explain a problem and identify a task and solution related to the problem
  • Collect information using tools (i.e., rulers, clocks, hand lenses, thermometers, balances)
  • Measure and compare organisms and objects using standard and non-standard units
  • Manipulate, predict and identify system parts


  • Classify and sequence organisms, objects and events based on physical properties/patterns
  • Identify, predict, replicate and create patterns
  • Observe, measure, record, analyze, and predict types of changes
  • Identify changes in object size, mass, temperature, color, position, and movement
  • Identify, predict and test uses of heat to cause change such as melting and evaporation
  • Demonstrate a change in motion of an object by giving the object a push or a pull


  • Observe and record the functions of plant parts
  • Observe and record the functions of animal parts
  • Identify characteristics of living organisms
  • Identify the characteristics of non-living organisms
  • Identify the external characteristics of different kinds of plants and animals that allow their needs to be met
  • Compare and give examples of the ways living organisms depend on each other and on their environments


  • Observe, measure and record changes in weather, the night sky and seasons
  • Describe and illustrate the water cycle
  • Identify uses of natural resources


  • Ask scientific questions
  • Use and apply technology
  • Practice steps of the Engineering Process
  • Identify challenge, brainstorm, design, build, test, evaluate, redesign, share solution
  • Begin to understand the concept of trial and error