Third Grade Curriculum

Language Arts

Core Resources

  • Teachers College Reading & Writing Project, Lucy Calkins
  • Units of Study for Teaching Reading, Lucy Calkins
  • Units of Study for Primary Writing, Lucy Calkins
  • Guided Reading and Phonics Study, Irene C. Fountas & Gay Su Pinnell
  • Making Meaning by Collaborative Classroom
  • Spelling Connections
  • Grammar Workshop, Sadlier-Oxford
  • Handwriting Without Tears

Learning Goals For Reading

  • Read from a variety of genres
  • Ask generative questions and maintain curiosity and stamina during independent reading
  • Employ strategies to decode accurately
  • Actively make meaning through connections
  • Use context clues to infer, comprehend, and predict
  • Recognize characteristics of characters and understand how they contribute to story and plot
  • Envision clear images based on content and descriptions of the setting
  • Retell stories in written and oral form
  • Infer meaning from dialogue
  • Use figurative language, dialect, wording, and author’s voice to infer deeper meaning
  • Develop empathy for characters
  • Engage in class discussions which allow students to deepen their understanding (e.g., articulate clear meaning, state opinions, interject, build on one another’s ideas, justify a disagreement, ask provocative questions)
  • Build and develop vocabulary

Learning Goals For Writing

FORMS OF WRITING: Fiction, Narrative, Non-fiction and Poetry

  • Use writing process: plan; write; revise; edit; publish
  • Begin to write paragraphs
  • Use indentations, quotation marks, commas, and ending punctuation to give meaning to dialogue Write with a beginning, middle, and end and construct effective leads and conclusions
  • Distill a memorable life experience down to a short poem
  • Play with syllable and word order to achieve desired effect
  • Use rhyme, rhythm, repetition, alliteration, and figurative language for a desired effect
  • Use stanzas and line breaks with a purpose
  • Paraphrase information
  • Sequence ideas in a meaningful order
  • Choose appropriate words and phrases to convey correct meaning
  • Create believable main characters
  • Give characters motivations and struggles whose issues and interactions drive the plot
  • Create and use settings that compliment the plot
  • Give and receive constructive feedback with a partner
  • Apply conventions of spelling, mechanics, and grammar

Learning Goals For Handwriting and Keyboarding

  • Demonstrate strokes needed for cursive handwriting
  • Demonstrate cursive writing skills efficiently from memory
  • Join letters to form words, using standard, efficient connections
  • Write words to express thoughts, forming sentences
  • Combine sentences to express ideas or opinions, using formatting conventions that are extensions of handwriting skills
  • Use proper posture and hand and body positions while keyboarding
  • Demonstrate an understanding of parts of word processing tools
  • Use writing and working keys on the keyboard

Learning Goals For Speaking and Listening

  • Follow multi-step directions
  • Actively participate in classroom discussions
  • Communicate thoughts and feelings audibly and clearly
  • Generate questions and make personal connections
  • Respond to questions with a complete thought
  • Explain thinking
  • Present work to peers

Social Studies

CORE RESOURCE: Social Studies Alive: My Community and Beyond


  • Where in the World is Our Community?
  • What is the Geography of Our Community?
  • How Do People Become a Part of Our Country?
  • What Makes Our Country Diverse?
  • How Do People Improve Their Communities?
  • How Does Our Economy Work?
  • How Does Global Trade Affect Our Community?
  • What Are the Public Services in Our Community?
  • Whose Planet Is It, Anyway?
  • How Can We Help the Global Community?

Learning Goals For Social Studies

  • Follow school and classroom expectations
  • Share and work cooperatively with others
  • Learn and identify the Grace School rules
    • Be kind. Be productive. Be unique. Be respectful.
  • Relate geography skills to real-life applications
  • Identify the equator, prime meridian, cardinal directions and the four hemispheres
  • Identify countries on a map of North America
  • Identify and match states and capitals
  • Identify and categorize various aspects of a culture
  • Identify key concepts of economics
  • Analyze supply and demand
  • Explore key individuals or offices in local government


CORE RESOURCE: Everyday Mathematics

Learning Goals For Mathematics

Number and Numeration

  • Read and write whole numbers to 1,000,000
  • Read, write and model with maniplulatives decimals through hundredths
  • Read, write and model fractions
  • Solve problems using fractional parts of a region or collection
  • Find multiples of 2, 5 and 10


  • Demonstrate automaticity with all addition and subtraction facts through 10 + 10
  • Solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of whole numbers and decimals
  • Demonstrate automaticity with multiplication facts through 12 x 12
  • Multiplication of 2 and 3 digit numbers by 1 digit number
  • Make reasonable estimates for addition and subtraction problems
  • Understand meanings of operations


  • Collect and organize data to create charts, graphs, and tables
  • Analyze and interpret data
  • Understand and apply basic concepts of probability


  • Measure length to the nearest ½”
  • Measure the perimeter of polygons
  • Use unit squares to find area
  • Describe relationships among inches, feet and yards
  • Describe relationships between minutes and hours, hours in a day, and days in a week
  • Tell time to the nearest minute on an analog clock


  • Investigate characteristics and properties of 2 and 3 dimensional geometric shapes
  • Apply transformations and symmetry in geometric situations.


  • Understand patterns and functions
  • Use algebraic notation to represent and analyze situations and structures
  • Describe and apply the Commutative and Associative properties of addition, the Commutative property of multiplication and the multiplicative identity

Science and Engineering

CORE RESOURCE: STEM Scopes; Engineering is Elementary: Engineering Adventures

Learning Goals For Science

Nature of Science

  • Conduct classroom and outdoor investigations
  • Follow safety procedures, environmentally appropriate and ethical practices
  • Use measurement tools to recognize differences between observed and measured data
  • Construct maps, tables and charts to organize, examine and evaluate data
  • Analyze and interpret patterns in data to construct reasonable explanations


  • Classify the properties of matter
  • Determine how matter is changed
  • Measure, record and test physical properties of matter
  • Predict, observe and record changes in the state of matter
  • Identify mixtures
  • Discover how force causes change
  • Discover the forms of energy
  • Observe forces such as magnetism and gravity


  • Discover how soils are formed
  • Investigate rapid changes in Earth’s surface
  • Identify and compare different landforms
  • Explore the characteristics of natural resources
  • Identify patterns among objects in the sky
  • Describe the sun as a star that provides light and heat energy
  • Construct models demonstrating the Sun, Earth and Moon
  • Identify the planets in Earth’s solar system and their position in relation to the Sun


  • Describe patterns, cycles, and systems and relationships within the environment
  • Identify and describe the flow of energy in a food chain
  • Describe environmental changes such as floods and droughts